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Titaniferous slag sales

  • Highveld Steel - Magnetite, Vanadium, Titanium slag

    Highveld Steel and Vanadium started producing steel and vanadium slag from a titaniferous vanadium containing magnetite in 1965. In 2008 the company was purchased by the Russian steel company EVRAZ. business rescue and after a failed sale transaction the company is now in a wind down phase and the assets are for sale either as the entire

  • US3996332A - Synthesis of rutile from titaniferous slags

    Synthetic rutile is produced from a titaniferous slag derived from ilmenite. Ilmenite concentrates are reduction smelted to remove iron as a high grade pig iron byproduct and to enrich the remaining slag phase in titanium. Oxidation of the slag and aging at high temperature in the presence of a titanium pyrophosphate flux converts the titanium bearing phases to discrete rutile crystals and a

  • Titanium: World Production Of Mineral Concentrates, By Country

    of output reported under "Titaniferous slag," and the rest is used for purposes other than production of titanium commodities, principally steel furnace flux and heavy aggregate. 4 Small amounts of titanium minerals were reportedly produced in various countries, including Malawi and Turkey.

  • US2701180A - Production of titanium tetrachloride - Google

    US2701180A US253384A US25338451A US2701180A US 2701180 A US2701180 A US 2701180A US 253384 A US253384 A US 253384A US 25338451 A US25338451 A US 25338451A US 2701180 A US2701180 A US 2701180A Authority US United States Prior art keywords bed slag reaction fluidized chlorination Prior art date 1951-10-26 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a

  • An overview on the production of pigment grade titania

    This paper provides a review of the slag-based technology with the specific aim to produce leachable slag and achieving high titania yield from recovered wastes. Leachable oxides of the lower oxidation state, such as TiO and Ti 2 O 3, facilitate the leaching process. However, during smelting these oxides increase the viscosity of the slag.

  • Upgrading of raw vanadium titanomagnetite concentrate

    This kind of titaniferous slag (containing 3033% TiO 2) has also been stacked as solid waste (Jena, Dresler, and Reilly, 1995). Hence, effective extraction of titanium from titanium-bearing electric furnace slag has become a significant problem. Research has indicated that when the TiO 2 content in titanium slag is

  • Synthesis of rutile from titaniferous slags - The United

    A titaniferous slag produced by smelting ilmenite concentrates as described in Example 1 was determined to have a Ti 2 O 3 content of about 56 wt-pct. The slag was tapped directly from the furnace at a temperature of about 1600° C into a preheated launder where it was treated directly with oxygen introduced into the launder through lances. The

  • Titaniferous Article about titaniferous by The Free

    In the organism. Titanium is always present in plant and animal tissue. Its concentration in terrestrial plants is approximately 10 4 percent; in marine vegetation, the concentration ranges from 1.2 × 10 3 to 8 × 10 2 percent. The tissue of terrestrial animals shows a concentration of less than 2 × 10 4 percent, while that of marine animals has from 2 × 10 4 to 2 × 10 2

  • PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM - ihsmarkit

    new plant. Choosing the raw material--rutile, titaniferous slag, or en- riched ilmenite--is a matter of balancing its price against the resultant operating and waste disposal costs. In some countries with low labor costs and little or no pollution con-

  • Indicative Vanadium Deportment in the Processing of

    above a slag pot. The vanadium slag is crushed and the iron entrainment is removed by means of an overhead magnet. Part of the slag is marketed to the ferroalloy or steel industry for the direct production of ferrovanadium (Roann, 1985; Roskill, 2010; Steinberg et al., 2011). The rest of the slag is marketed to producers of high-purity V 2O

  • AUSTRALIA'S DOMINANCE IN THE TITANIFEROUS

    processing of titaniferous materials and the end uses of these products. Ilmenite production forms the basin of the majority of titaniferous feedstocks that are consumed by synthetic rutile plants of direct-feed, sulphate pigment plants. Synthetic rutile, natural rutile and a higher grade slag are used for chloride process pigment production.

  • 176 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES - USGS

    concentrates. In Saudi Arabia, a project to produce up to 500,000 tons per year of titanium slag was scheduled to be commissioned in 2020. Other projects were being developed in Australia, Mozambique, and Tanzania. Prepared by Joseph Gambogi [(703) 6487718, [email protected]] 176

  • Research on the Titaniferous Slag Smelting Process and

    Dec 01, 2017· The article mainly introduces the raw material of the titaniferous slag smelting and the conventional and new metallurgical process of the titaniferous slag smelting. Through analyzing the different fuctions of the furnaces in the two smelting process, the article summarized the advantage of new process compared with the conventional one.

  • v117n7a6 The effect of magnesia and alumina crucible wear

    reviewed slag chemical composition. In addition, the more readily available alumina crucibles are better than magnesia crucibles in terms of Fe and V recoveries as well as the slag phase chemistry. A=) ;619 smelting, titaniferous magnetite, crucible wear, slag characteristics. * Mintek, Randburg, South Africa.

  • University of Cape Town Department of Chemical Engineering

    The titaniferous slag by-products are generally defined by the Ca-Mg-Al-Si-Ti-O system. These fluxed slags can contain as high as 20-40wt% TiO 2 (titania). The lack of interest in processing titaniferous slags to produce saleable titania

  • Vanadium - TAM Holdings

    Titaniferous magnetite ore is mined in South Africa and China and processed for vanadium extraction. Tianiferous magnetite ore is also processed in steelmaking operations in China, Russia and South Africa. A duplex BOF process in the steelmaking shop yields a vanadium rich slag that can be converted into V2O5 via hydrometallurgical processing.

  • AN PADMARAJ, DME FSAEST - Proprietor - Self-employed

    Its not just about using technology; its harnessing it to deliver material improvements in productivity at Ti-Slag smelters. Currently managing greenfield development of a hybrid Ti-Slag / Hot Iron smelter module at Sisimiut, W-Greenland with backward integration into a smeltable grade (~46.5% TiO2) ilmenite mining (both onshore and offshore) in Granville Fjord, NW-Greenland.

  • Development of the process for production of vanadium rich

    rich slag and low silicon pig iron from vanadium bearing titaniferous magnetites of Masanikere at VISL, Bhadravati By THE STAFF OF NML fr VISL, Presented by SHRI D. D. AKERKAR" ABSTRACT The paper describes the smelting trials carried out for utilisation of vanadium bearing magnetites of Masanikere in collaborative efforts by NML and VISL.

  • Research of Titaniferous Ores Melting and Properties of

    Questions of melting of iron ore and raw materials with receipt of cast iron and slag are considered in vitro. The chemical composition of cast iron of slag is studied in vitro. The viscosity of slag is researched. Object of research - titaniferous ores with various contents of titan dioxide. The technical and economic indicators of a blast furnace melting an agglomerate and pellets (a

  • Ilmenite - Wikipedia

    Ilmenite, also known as manaccanite, is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealized formula FeTiO 3.It is a weakly magnetic black or steel-gray solid. From a commercial perspective, ilmenite is the most important ore of titanium. Ilmenite is the main source of titanium dioxide, which is used in paints, printing inks, fabrics, plastics, paper, sunscreen, food and cosmetics.

  • Vanadium Resources in Titaniferous Magnetite Deposits

    Vanadium can be recovered from titaniferous magnetite ore by either of two processes: (1) precipitating a vanadium salt from a leach of ore roasted with salt, or (2) precipitation from a leach of salt-roasted vanadium-rich slag obtained by smelting the ore to make a

  • U.S. Strategic Material Supply Chain Assessment: Titanium

    leucoxene, rutile, synthetic rutile, and titaniferous slag. Despite this diversity of inputs, many precursors used for titanium metal alloying are limited in availability and often subject to supply chain disruption. This instability is due in part to the high level of competition for titanium metal precursors from non-metal market segments.

  • AN OVERVIEW OF SOUTH AFRICAS TITANIUM MINERAL

    constituents. Ilmenite is beneficiated to synthetic rutile or titaniferous slag. Although numerous technologies are used to produce synthetic rutile, nearly all are based on either selective leaching or thermal reduction of iron and other impurities in ilmenite. Titaniferous slag with a TiO 2 content of 75 percent to 95 percent is produced

  • IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

    Titaniferous slag Iron casting machine Pig iron Figure.1: The conventional titaniferous slag smelting process. The titanium concentrates are beneficiated from the titanium magnetite, so the conventional titani-um slag smelting process need beneficiating operation

  • Phase equilibria studies and beneficiation of titaniferous

    A titaniferous slag containing a treatable ulvospinel phase was produced in a cold copper crucible induction furnace - the crystallisation of the ulvospinel, instead of the chemically inert spinel solid solution was attributed to the saturation of the slag by iron from the incomplete reduction process due to the inevitable stoppage of the heat

  • Titanium Dioxide - Rio Tinto

    At our operations in Canada, our main product is titanium dioxide concentrate or titaniferous slag, which we sell as a raw material to titanium dioxide pigment producers. We currently produce three registered trademark products: SORELSLAG® has a titanium dioxide content of approximately 80%. It is sold primarily to pigment producers that use

  • Fluidization and Flow Regimes of Titaniferous Solids

    Fluidization and Flow Regimes of Titaniferous Solids Adam Luckos* and Paul den Hoed Mintek, Private Bag X3015, Randburg 2125, South Africa Physical properties of ilmenite and titania slag particlessproperties such as particle density, bulk density, packed-bed voidage and sphericityshave been determined for narrow size fractions

  • Abundant Titaniums Import To Aerospace Well Known, But

    *Primarily used to produce titaniferous slag. Source: Globally (in 2011), sales of TiO 2 were dominated by Rio Tinto. At the beginning of September 2012, Rio Tinto doubled its holding in

  • EXPERJMENTAL ARC-FURNACE SMELTING OF TITANIFEROUS

    Titaniferous iron sands occur in deposits around the world;1 however, these sands have not, in general, been utilized because of economic factors and because of the difficulties inherent in smelting titaniferous ores. As used throughout this paper, a titaniferous iron sand is defined as a magnetite-

  • Making Vanadium Vanitec

    Titaniferous magnetite ore is mined in South Africa and China and processed for vanadium extraction. Tianiferous magnetite ore is also processed in steelmaking operations in China, Russia and South Africa. A duplex BOF process in the steelmaking shop yields a vanadium rich slag that can be converted into V2O5 via hydrometallurgical processing.

  • Timothy Nemauluma - Johannesburg Area, South Africa

    View Timothy Nemaulumas profile on LinkedIn, the worlds largest professional community. Timothy has 1 job listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Timothys connections and jobs at similar companies.

  • Entrained-flow chlorination of titaniferous slag to

    Preparation of titanium tetrachloride was investigated by chlorination of a low-grade titaniferous slag in an entrained-flow reactor over the 550 to 1100 °C temperature range. Chlorination rates were highly dependent on the reactivity of the carbon used in the chlorination reaction. Use of a lignitic char resulted in the higher chlorination rates, whereas use of petroleum coke resulted in

  • Possibilities of two-stage processing of titaniferous

    dium and chromium and a titaniferous slag. According. to the material balance of melting the products of. solidphase reduction of this concentrate, the through.

  • Beneficiation Of Titaniferous Magnetite

    Beneficiation Of Titaniferous Magnetite. Titaniferous iron ore beneficiation. beneficiation of titaniferous magnetite 16341. titaniferous iron ore beneficiation Newest Crusher, Grinding, iron ore magnetite processing photos of iron ore being crushed what is the waste from an ore crushing plant called silver ore from rocks silver ore process iron ore gold ore grinding machine germany 59 iron

  • US Patent for Synthesis of rutile from titaniferous slags

    Synthetic rutile is produced from a titaniferous slag derived from ilmenite. Ilmenite concentrates are reduction smelted to remove iron as a high grade pig iron byproduct and to enrich the remaining slag phase in titanium. Oxidation of the slag and aging at high temperature in the presence of a titanium pyrophosphate flux converts the titanium bearing phases to discrete rutile crystals and a

  • ELECTRIC SMELTING OF TITANIFEROUS IRON ORES FROM

    of titaniferous magnetites with the objective of producing pig iron and high titania slag or pig iron only; and (3) laboratory-scale oxygen-blowing and steelmaking tests on titaniferous pig iron. The Bureau of Mines program for developing mineral resources includes a study of methods for utilizing domestic titaniferous iron-bearing materials.

  • World-Class Vanadium Deposits - VanadiumCorp Resource Inc.

    Nov 30, 2016· Titaniferous Magnetite. Titaniferous magnetite deposits can be found around the world in basic igneous rock and in some metamorphic rock. The deposits occur as tubular or irregular shaded bodies or seams and vein-like areas or in layers. Titanium is usually mined with vanadium, which composes between 0.1 and 2 percent of the resource.

  • Evaluation of Titania-Rich Slag Produced from Titaniferous

    Aug 03, 2020· Fluxless smelting of ilmenite to produce furnace slag as feedstock for the pigment industry is a well-established industrial practice with extensive installed smelting capacity globally.1,2,3,4 Commercial ilmenite smelters produce two products, namely titania-rich slag and a pig iron by-product. In contrast, smelting practices for titaniferous magnetite (or titanomagnetite) recover only iron

  • Titania preparation from soda roasted slag using sulfuric

    Nov 01, 2016· 1. Introduction. Titania (TiO 2) is a white pigment used in paints, papers, plastics, cosmetics, coatings and many other industries.The main commercial sources used in the production of TiO 2 are natural or synthetic rutile, ilmenite and titanium slag .Manufacture of TiO 2 is based on two main processes known as sulfate and chloride. In the chloride process titanium ore is converted to

  • Evaluation of Titania-Rich Slag Produced from Titaniferous

    slag as feedstock for the pigment industry is a well-established industrial practice with extensive installed smelting capacity globally.14 Commercial ilmenite smelters produce two products, namely titania-rich slag and a pig iron by-product. In contrast, smelting practices for titaniferous mag-netite (or titanomagnetite) recover only iron and

  • Full programme 7th International Slag Valorisation Symposium

    Apr 27, 2021· The slag is in the metallurgical process used to separate undesired elements contained in the raw materials yielding the desired product, a metal or alloy. In its post process, slag has potential for utilization in external applications, e.g construction, provided technical and

  • Beneficiation of Titanium Oxides From Ilmenite by Self

    Mar 01, 2006· By contrast, the titaniferous slag is composed of the solid solution phase of M3O5 type (pseudobrookite, M=Ti, Fe, Mg, Al, Mn, Li and so on) and small amount of silicate phase. In accordance with the Ref. [7] , when iron and titanium are extracted from all kinds of titaniferous and ferriferous oxide ores by reduction, the main phase of slag is